A meeting of the Working Group on organization of anti-drug operations and other activities within the scope of competence of the Coordination Council of Heads of Competent Bodies on Countering Illicit Drug Trafficking of Member States of the Collective Security Treaty Organization was held in CARICC on January 17, 2019.
Trends and changes in drug situation on the territory of CSTO member states in the second half of 2018 were discussed during the meeting. Information was provided on measures taken by competent authorities of CSTO member states in prevention of illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors. Recommendations for addressing abuse of new psychoactive substances were also presented along with measures taken to schedule new NPS in lists of prohibited substances.
Towards conclusion of the meeting, parties expressed intention to further strengthen and develop cooperation and interaction with regional international organizations and formats in combating drug trafficking.
From time to time, the “Modus Operandi” of security forces is replenished with new arsenal, and drug traffickers then have troubles. In the late 1980s, I remember, over the years, operatives who did not change their “course of action” adopted from advanced Western colleagues and secured “Controlled Purchases” by law.
Before that, police could surveil distributors as much as they could, identify their connections, caches, etc., but when it came to buying drugs, which allowed checking its purity, show money and, by doing so, push deeper into trust - STOP! The law did not allow us to do this. It was necessary to "take" the seller, even with a minimum dose. Or let go. This was used by criminals and, checking, they often brought fake or insignificant quantity of prohibited substance to the meeting - barely enough for forensic examination.
Over the years, criminals have become accustomed to such an algorithm of investigators. And when it came to controlled purchases that allowed buying small quantities of drugs “to try”, the stereotype worked: “since money is paid, it means that it is not cops.” Effectiveness of raids soared tremendously! But not for long – crime soon learned to conduct its "counter-intelligence activities".
Apart from that, “controlled deliveries” secured by a UN Convention proved to be well recommended, when a drug trafficker is allowed to cross a state border, get to the main recipient and thus reveal the entire criminal chain.
So, it is in the "who is smarter" mode that police operational services worked for many years.
Today, many unique methods have appeared on their arsenal, increasing efficiency by several times. One of the most productive, in my opinion, is the study and analysis of risk profile used in tracking large trucking companies, sea containers, railway and air cargo.
I will not disclose the method itself here for obvious reasons. And not only did it turn out to be the “golden key”. In an operation, the results of which I want to share, whole arsenal of police forces and equipment was involved, operatives of several countries worked together to solve the case.
... For some time interests of Moroccan hashish distributors and Belgian drug cartels supplying synthetic materials to the black market have come together in the Pyrenees. Traffic volumes, methods of transportation and strictest conspiracy of the drug business was astonishing! Anasha was delivered from North Africa into Europe on small boats via Gibraltar.
This route was previously well known to border guards and customs. But usually smugglers preferred to work alone, not uniting in gangs. Doing the will of the contractor, most often remaining incognito even if they were caught, “drug captains” acted at their own peril and risk.
But this time it was different. Number of smuggler was massive and they were organized. Under the cover of night or in fog, dozens of motorboats not controlled by radars went out into the sea, each having a personal route, unloading point was determined with trucks waiting for consignment. Product was instantly overloaded and immediately went deep into the continent. It is clear that all operations were ordered, coordinated and controlled from one center. The final destination of the potion delivery was Russia...
Thus, with participation of colleagues from several countries, the operation “Pyrenean break” that lasted for long nine years began.
At the beginning, using risk profile analysis, we determined means of drugs transportation. Gradually, we found out that each batch was sent to Russia on 10-15 cars filled with briquettes with hashish mixed with synthetic drug. Such a "brick" weighed from thirty to one hundred and fifty kilograms. Each consignment contained tons of deadly cargo.
Ingenious caches ... In the process of equipping them, not only car trims were filmed. Body elements, technological cavities were opened, gas tanks were altered. The shipment became almost invisible and intangible: when it was treated with chemicals specially developed for drug cartel, it became inaccessible to service dogs. Only thorough, layered, inch by inch, X-ray...
As if in mockery, narcotic cargo was packed in bright marking materials with the emblems "Porsche", "Audi", and Euro. Controlled deliveries made it possible to track routes, transshipment points, identify specific individuals involved in drug trafficking, and establish operational surveillance of them.
The apotheosis of the operation was the seizure of five tons of Moroccan hashish and a particularly large load of Belgian synthetics, as well as weapons and ammunition. Following this joint group of police from Spain, Moldova, Belarus, Russia and other countries arrested throughout Europe and in the Russian open spaces already well known to the investigation ... 45 heads of the syndicate.
Behind the bars are the so-called “thieves in law” Mikka, Patron, Turk, criminal authorities Tsyn, Lika ... And on October 1, 2017, the drug cartel was finally beheaded: at the suggestion of Russians, Moldovan special forces in Chisinau disarmed “Parteigenosse Borman”, who is also known as Oleg Prutyanu in more than twenty criminal cases.
The leader is clearly facing life sentence...
Bishkek, December 2018
An annual working meeting of Steering Committees established under Border Cooperation component of the UNODC Programme for Central Asia was held in CARICC from 11th to 12th of December, 2018.
The working meeting drew together representatives of border guard agencies, customs services, ministries of internal and foreign affairs, of the Republic of Kazakhstan, of the Kyrgyz Republic, of the Republic of Tajikistan, of Turkmenistan, of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as experts from the OSCE, UNODC Programme Offices in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan and CARICC.
During the meeting, delegations provided information on implementation of the Border Cooperation component of the UNODC Programme for Central Asia and its impact on the situation in border security and cross-border cooperation in the region, on the activities of centers established for coordination and monitoring of border liaison offices.
CARICC presented on practical relevance of the Centre as part of implementation of the Border Cooperation component of the UNODC Programme for Central Asia.
Towards the conclusion, parties defined priorities of competent authorities of Central Asian states in the field of state border protection and development of cross-border interaction, and made recommendations for further development of the component of the UNODC Programme with active involvement of CARICC.
Zh. Suleimenov, First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan met with D. Nazarmukhamedov, First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan in a working meeting in the premises of CARICC on December 11th, 2018.
CARICC briefed delegations on main directions of the Centre’s work and discussed issues of cooperation with competent bodies in countering drug smuggling.
Upon the conclusion, the parties expressed intention to further strengthen and develop cooperation in combating drug trafficking.
Between December 3 and 5, 2018 CARICC took part in a joint workshop on typologies of the Eurasian (EAG) and Asia-Pacific (APG) groups (networks) on countering money laundering in Novosibirsk (Russia).
The event was attended by: 1) delegations from the EAG Member States: Belarus, India, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan; 2) delegations from the APG Member States: Australia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, East Timor, Vietnam, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Cook Islands, Fiji Islands, Pakistan, Korea, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Tonga, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Japan; 3) international organizations: FATF, United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism, CIS Anti-Terrorism Center, Interpol, CARICC; 4) private sector: representatives of the banking sector, non-governmental organizations regulating financial technologies.
During the event, representatives of the EAG and APG member states presented and exchanged experience based on examples of practices in the area of combating money laundering and financing of terrorism.
The event resulted in participants developing appropriate recommendations on countering laundering of criminal proceeds using virtual assets, financing of terrorism and human trafficking during work in three sections.
G. Pustovitov, Director of CARICC, held a working meeting with J. Callahan, Senior Law Enforcement Program Advisor of the United States’ Department of State Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs on 3rd of December, 2018. Also attending the meeting were M. Karpenkopf, Attache of the US Ministry of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration’s Regional Office in Almaty and R. Pitts, Head of UNODC Programme Office in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In the course of the meeting, parties discussed prospects for expansion of geography of the Centre through accession of interested states as full participants and observers, CARICC funding, as well as rotation of deputy directors of the Center.
The Center delivered a presentation on the work in the field of information analysis.
Following the results of the meeting, parties reached an agreement on further cooperation and interaction.
From 26th to 30th of November 2018 analysts of the Information and Analytical Division of CARICC held the first stage of training for staff of Departments for Combating Drug Trafficking of Police Departments on Transport; of Astana and Almaty cities and regions, as well as of the Department for Combating Drug Trafficking and Drug Control of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan on acquiring new skills and practical application of specialized software “i2 iBase” and “i2 AnalystNotebook”.
During the training, CARICC staff provided detailed information on data systematization in the MS Excel spreadsheet editor and tools for processing and uploading to database, preparing data matrices. Also they presented insight on the use of individual functions of the specialized software "i2".
Following theoretical lectures representatives of CARICC conducted practical exercises with target group.
Between 28th and 29th of November 2018, a regional expert meeting was held in Almaty under the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Programme for Central Asia component “Drug law enforcement systems for criminal intelligence collection, analysis and exchange”.
The purpose of the event was to assist in strengthening cooperation of analytical units in solving crimes related to drug trafficking.
The expert meeting is also aimed at strengthening interaction of analytical units of law enforcement agencies, as well as using capabilities of law enforcement training centers for conducting courses in operational and strategic analysis.
The event was attended by members of analytical divisions of coordinating bodies responsible for countering drug trafficking of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; representatives of UNODC offices in Kazakhstan and Tajikistan; representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, of the DCA and of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Tajikistan at CARICC; as well as analysts of the Centre.
Based on the results of the event, parties developed and reached an agreement on implementation of joint recommendations.
CARICC, with support of the UNODC Regional Programme for Afghanistan and Neighboring Countries hosted a working meeting to discuss the Concept on methodology for assessment of drug situation in CARICC participating states on November 21-22, 2018.
The event was attended by heads of information and analytical units of national coordinating bodies and leading experts in narcology at national drug treatment centers of CARICC participating states, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan.
Representatives of the Centre delivered presentations on the Concept on methodology for assessment of drug situation in CARICC participating states.
The parties discussed proposals to be accounted for in the final format and mechanism for implementation of this Concept.